Debt is something that most people can’t avoid. In addition, many people still have financial burdens even after they retire.
If you want to have a comfortable life in retirement, you need to consider reviewing your debt practices today.
It is important to identify bad habits when it comes to your finances and make some changes. You should find ways to reduce or get rid of debt completely so that your retirement fund can last for the rest of your life.
The debt might be unavoidable, but you should know how to handle it properly, especially if you are near retirement age. It is vital that you know how to control your financial burdens through smart spending methods.
How retirees can manage debt
If you want to have a comfortable life during retirement, then you should act right away. What follows are several factors that will help you maintain debt at a manageable level during retirement.
1. Reduce debt
Ten to twenty years before your retirement, you should make it your goal to reduce your debt as much as possible. Pay off all your consumer debts—that includes car and student loans. If you have enough money left, pay off your mortgage as well.
High-interest debts can eat into your retirement funds quickly. If you still have balances left on your plastic, try allocating more money from your budget to pay them off as soon as possible. If you have multiple cards payments, consolidate them into the one with the lowest rates.
Once you have repaid your credit cards, try doing the same with non-taxable debt, such as car loans. You should do this as early as you can so that you can enjoy your retirement more. While you are repaying your financial burdens, make sure you are also putting away money for your retirement fund.
2. Avoid taking on new debt
The best way to manage your financial burdens is not to incur new ones before or during your retirement. If you do need to get a loan, make sure you can afford to repay it on time.
3. Monitor expenses
It is important to monitor all your expenditures to ensure you don’t go over your spending plan. By knowing where your money goes, you can easily stop overspending. You can record how you spend your money by listing expenditures on paper, with a spreadsheet, or through an app.
4. Pay bills on time
Another thing you can do is to pay your bills on time. That way, you can avoid paying late fees and other charges. Paying on time will save you money in the end.
5. Maintain an emergency fund
You should have an emergency fund, even before you retire. The fund must be able to cover three months of your household’s expenses. That way, you can avoid using your credit card for unforeseen expenses.
You can also use the emergency fund for infrequent expenses, such as car maintenance or home repairs. Just make sure that you replenish the amount you withdraw from your savings.
6. Spend less than your income
This tip is applicable before and after retirement but is most helpful during the latter. If you want your fund to last a long time, you need to be spending less than what you make. Doing so will prevent you from relying on debt for your daily expenses.
Loans to consider before retirement
While it is not the ideal situation, owing money while retired is common. Paying all your financial burdens gets more difficult when you have limited income. You might end up withdrawing larger amounts from your savings to cover monthly payments, which might result in higher taxes. It also increases the risk of running short of money during retirement.
Here are three loans you need to think about before you retire:
Credit card balances indicate that you are living over your means. The bad habit will not get better once your income drops when you retire. If you have a good credit rating, you should consider getting a zero-percent balance transfer to consolidate your consumer debts.
Also, look for a personal loan that provides fixed payments and a fixed interest rate. If it takes more than five years to pay off your financial burdens, you should consult a bankruptcy lawyer or a credit counselor to discuss your options.
Refinance your mortgage
It is advisable to pay off mortgages before reaching retirement age. However, there are instances in which repaying it is not advisable or feasible, especially if it means withdrawing more money from your savings or pension funds.
One way to make the mortgage payments more affordable is to ask for refinancing from the bank. Refinancing means taking out a new loan and using the lump sum to pay down the balance in order to make the installment payments lower.
You can also consider recasting, but some lenders don’t offer this option. When recasting, you keep the same loan. It is not advisable if you are going to take the lump sum from your retirement fund.
Another option for people 62 and older is using a reverse mortgage to repay the home loan. A reverse mortgage allows you to tap into your home equity without paying the amount back until you sell the house, move out of it, or die. This option allows you to increase your cash flow.
Your goal is to make your last payment at the start of your retirement. That way you can improve your cash flow even when you are already out of work.
Get a home equity line of credit
This option is dangerous if you have bad spending habits. A home equity line of credit allows you to borrow money based on the value of your property. You should not use this debt to buy luxury items or go on a vacation. You should treat it as a last-resort option when your emergency fund is not enough to cover home repairs or other unexpected necessary expenses.
Another thing to keep in mind is that the payments on borrowed money from a line of credit can increase after the initial draw period ends. If you are considering this type of debt, then choose the reverse mortgage option mentioned above.
Using debt during retirement
Getting a loan during your retirement should be your last option. If you find yourself in the situation of needing one, though, there are numerous things you should consider:
Determine the total cost of the loan. You should read the fine print and be aware of when and how much you are going to be charged. You should also know the penalties for late payments.
Save money. You can actually save money while paying off financial burdens by paying credit card balances in full or looking for lower interest rates. Make sure you make all your monthly installments on time. If you are going to use your plastic, make sure you don’t spend more than 30 percent of your limit.
Pay off high-interest loans first. Before you try to pay down your mortgage, you should consider repaying your high-interest-rate debt with first, such as personal loans, credit cards, and auto loans.
Reduce overhead costs of household. If you are having a hard time keeping up with monthly installments, then you might do well to consider downsizing your home. You could also move to a cheaper area or find additional sources of income.
Get professional help. You should not hesitate in getting professional help for your debt problems. Non-profit counseling agencies are willing to assist individuals in dealing with their financial issues.
Enjoy a debt-free retirement
During retirement, you should use your income for your financial goals and needs, instead of paying off liabilities. That’s why it is important to make it your goal to pay down all your debts before retirement.
If you can’t include loan payments into your financial plan, you should find other ways to make more money. You might even have to postpone your retirement for a couple of years. Postponing the age when you take Social Security payments can provide some significant benefits in the end.
Older people today often find some additional source of income, even during their retirement that helps them manage their financial liabilities better. It would help if you also tried reducing your living expenses before you stop working so that you can enjoy the same lifestyle after retiring.
Managing your debt is a never-ending process that stops only when you have no debt, and you finally achieve financial freedom.